South fought for slavery

Wayne Olson of Moscow wants to rewrite history. He wants us to believe that the Civil War was all about states’ rights, and not about the enslavement of Africans.


l There were competing understandings of liberty and rights.

l Northern industry was subsidized by tariffs on Southern harvests.

l New western states could not be slave states, so Congress would increasingly vote against the slave states’ interests — an existential threat.

Nevertheless, the causa bella? Slavery.

(From the website, Teaching American History. Document: “Cornerstone” Speech by Vice President of the Confederate States of America Alexander Stephens, March 21, 1861. Public domain, from the National Archives.)

Slavery was the cornerstone of the Confederate constitution. Said Stephens: “This was the immediate cause of the late rupture and present revolution.”

Stephens said that most of those who signed the old Constitution (sic) believed that enslaving Africans violated the laws of nature, and was wrong in principle; wrong socially, morally, and politically; that it was evil.

“This was an error,” he said.

That CSA was “founded upon exactly the opposite idea.” The cornerstone of its foundation rests upon “the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man,” that his “natural and normal condition” is slavery. In the history of the whole world, the CSA was the first government founded upon “this great physical, philosophical, and moral truth,” he said.

The seven states passed resolutions emphasizing the centrality of slavery to the southern way of life.



Insulted by AP coverage

Once again, Matthew Brown, environmental writer for the Associated Press, has shown how little he understands about the western wildfire issue.

Brown starts by saying climate change is responsible for wildfires producing health-damaging smoke that now reaches big cities. He quotes a San Francisco resident who fled from the city last year because of smoke from a wildfire 150 miles away. He describes dealing with the smoke by buying face masks and air purifiers. He talks of expensive retrofitting of public buildings, special alert systems and “scrubbers” to filter smoke in school buildings. That is how big cities should react.

Brown never addresses forest fuel levels.

It is like he does not understand that forests grow and produce fuel-loading that is either managed by a combination of timber harvest and controlled burning, or wait for catastrophic wildfires to send devastating smoke to the cities.

Recreationists ought to be clamoring for national reorganization of firefighting policy, roading and timber management in federal roadless areas, and stopping summer closure of public lands. The issue is not about climate change. Climate is always changing. And wildfire is a contributor to climate change, not the cause.

The cities can whine about the smoke. Rural America, suffering from 10 times the smoke, knows the cure, and should insist on action.

When is the Tribune going to stop insulting readers with poor Associated Press reprints?

Bill Mulligan


Making history

The Radials N’ Rivers Airshow, June 28-29 at the Lewiston Airport was a historic aviation event, featuring vintage aircraft from World War II and honored two of the most decorated fighter pilots. Col. Bud Anderson, 97, flew three different P-51 aircraft, all named “Old Crow.”

The only surviving “triple ace” from World War II, Rear Admiral Whitney Feigtman, 99, flew Navy fighters in the Pacific. He was first to fly the Cutlass jet plane off an aircraft carrier. He is the last surviving pilot of the original Blue Angels. This is unheard of and will never happen again. Two featured airplanes — a P-51 named “Old Crow” and a Navy Grumman Hellcat, were on display with two decorated World War II fighter pilots.

Hillcrest Aircraft and Hangar 180, along with hundreds of volunteers, made the Radials N’ Rivers a smooth event enjoyed by some 15,000 people for this Lewiston historical aviation event. This was a nice tribute to the Lewiston airport, which was completed 75 years ago — a squadron of Navy TBM torpedo bombers briefly based in Lewiston.

History prevailed again when Bert Zimmerly and local investors created Empire Airline in 1945.

The second airline certificated by the Civil Aeronautics Board in the United States was a feeder airline serving small town America with airline service.

Doug Black


Double standard

You can hold any idea or religious belief you want, as long as it is not a Christian idea or religious belief. Proof?

Consider this: A non-believer, when seeing a Buddhist in meditation (praying), might say, “Oh, how quaint.”

A Native American drumming and singing (praying), “Oh, how noble.”

A Muslim in hijab, engaged in salat (prayer), “Oh, how brave, especially in the face of all this Islamaphobia.”

But if a Christian football coach prays mid-field with some of his players or a Christian mother and daughter engage in silent, peaceful and worshipful prayer outside an abortion clinic, these same nonChristians respond with vitriolic hatred and violence.

The Apostle Paul, in his letter to the Ephesians, warned us Christians we are fighting “against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age. ... ”

People, the truth of the gospel message of Jesus Christ and his crucifixion is evidenced by the hateful and violent response by nonChristians to this holy word. Nothing else provokes Satan (and his worldly minions) to such a rage. This should give all of us in the kingdom some solace and confidence of righteousness in preparation for the battles ahead. Praise the lord.

Kyle F. Johnson

Monroe, Wash.

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